A Abordagem Indireta como grande estratégia: a Grã-Bretanha na Guerra Peninsular (1808-1814)

João Vitor Tossini

Abstract


Em 1793, a Grã-Bretanha, a principal potência naval europeia, entra em guerra com a França, um adversário que se caracterizava pela sua força militar terrestre. O presente trabalho visa explorar a estratégia empregada pela Grã-Bretanha durante os anos de conflito com a França Revolucionária e Napoleônica com enfoque para a Guerra Peninsular (1808-1814). O argumento central baseia-se no entendimento de que o envolvimento da Grã-Bretanha na Guerra Peninsular pode ser empregado como um dos principais exemplos empíricos da Abordagem Indireta no âmbito da grande estratégia e não apenas no campo tático, além de identificar a Abordagem Indireta como preferencial aos Estados que possuem maior fraqueza relativa em determinado campo militar. Assim, o presente trabalho diverge da literatura ao destacar que o envolvimento da Grã-Bretanha possui centralidade na identificação da Guerra Peninsular como uma campanha indireta. Assim, é analisado a condução da guerra por parte de um Estado com maior fraqueza relativa, sustentando que a Abordagem Indireta pode ser considerada como aplicável ao caso britânico. Logo, será analisado a abordagem estratégica britânica, sua intervenção na Península Ibérica e a relevância do conflito peninsular na derrota do Império Napoleônico.

Keywords


Abordagem Indireta; Grã-Bretanha; Guerra Peninsular; Guerras Napoleônicas;

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