Política espacial e segurança: mudanças e continuidades na segunda era

Luciano Vaz-Ferreira, Paulo Roberto Batista

Abstract


O presente artigo possui como problema de pesquisa investigar a política espacial relacionada à área da segurança (space security), de modo a identificar os principais fluxos de mudanças e continuidades entre a Primeira (1957-1991) e a Segunda Era (1991-?). Sob o ponto de vista metodológico, a investigação constitui-se de uma revisão bibliográfica e de uma análise documental. O trabalho divide-se em duas partes: a primeira reconstitui a corrida espacial ocorrida durante a Guerra Fria, enquanto a segunda investiga as dinâmicas contemporâneas da segurança espacial. Como considerações finais, foi possível observar uma continuidade no uso estratégico do espaço exterior. Foram encontradas duas mudanças. A primeira diz respeito à crescente importância dos satélites artificiais, tanto do ponto de vista militar quanto econômico. A segunda refere-se à pluralidade dos novos atores espaciais, o que aumenta a complexidade das interações e pode contribuir para o conflito.


Keywords


Espaço; Segurança; Satélites Artificiais; Militarização

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